far, the Martini is the King of cocktails. It is
the icon of the cocktail culture and whole books have been written
about its simplicity with a dash of controversy. You should know
that no one knows when, who, or where the first Martini was created.
first known printed recipe for a Martini with Old Tom Gin
is in Harry Johnson's 1882 book called, New and Improved
Bartenders Manual. However this was not the first cocktail
book. Jerry Thomas gets that credit below.
Johnson's recipe is below.
Thomaspublished a cocktail recipe called a Martinez in
the reprint of his 1862 book, The
Bartenders Guide in 1887. (The 1862 book was the
frist known cocktail book to be published.) The recipe for
the Matinez consisted of gin, sweet vermouth, maraschino
liqueur, bitters and a lemon twist.
sounds like someone was trying to create a Manhattan
1896 the Marquerite Cocktail appeared
in a book published by Thomas Stuart. The recipe is:
1 dash orange bitters
2/3 Plymouth gin
1/3 French vermouth
...which"is" a dry Martini, just not with that name.
1900 William Boothby published The
World’s Drinks and How to Mix Them. In 1907 the
book was revised and reprinted with a Dry Martini Cocktail
in the book, That recipe consisted of gin, French dry vermouth,
orange bitters, a lemon peel and an olive.
are some more Martini recipes found in books from 1900-1930.
prohibition (1920-1933), Martinis flourished because
gin didn’t require aging like whiskey, so it was readily
available in speakeasies. At the time Martinis were being
made with equal amounts of gin and dry vermouth. Probably to mask
the nasty bootleg burn of it. Through the years the amount of
dry vermouth decreased and by the 1950s Hollywood movie stars
were swirling just a couple of drops of dry vermouth in the glass
on the silver screen.
1953 Ian Fleming wrote about a fictional British
spy named James Bond in the novel Casino
Royale. Bond orders a cocktail called a Vesper
(name of his love interest) containing gin, vodka and Kina
Lillet aperitif, shaken, not stirred, with a lemon twist.
was the first time vodka had been mentioned in a Martini.
Dr. No (the first Bond film) James Bond drinks two medium
dry Vodka Martinis shaken with a lemon peel and jumpstarts
the sale of vodka in America while at the same time exploding
the Vodka Martini worldwide.
the turn-of-the-century shaken with ice and strained into a
Martini Glass (cocktail glass) was all of a sudden
called a Martini. Great marketing idea for the liquor company
that started it! However, a true Martini is still just
Gin and Dry Vermouth and it's cousin Vodka Martini
is acceptable today.
that the novelty Martinis sipped today are simply the shooters
that were chugged yesterday. And not too far back
either! (mid 1990s!) They come in all flavors imaginable and are
very marketable for the masses.
Straight Up: The Classic American Cocktail
by Lowell Edmonds is the best Martini book you can buy. Inside,
Edmunds explores the drink's historicity, political, literary,
and otherwise, as well as the social complexity of this American
icon. He dispells myths and reassures us about a legend who's
status may be on the rise, but who's golden era has long since
things to know about the Martini
a guest orders a Dry Martini it means that you
only use a couple of drops of dry vermouth. When they order it
very dry or extra dry it means that you don’t
use any vermouth at all. An in & out or
upside down Martini is when you swirl a few drops of
dry vermouth to coat the inside of the glass and then pour it
out. A Perfect Martini (or perfect anything for
that matter) means to use half dry vermouth and half sweet vermouth.
A Dirty Martini means that you add olive juice.
And a Martini garnished with cocktail onions is called a Gibson.
Martinis can also be requested on the rocks.
When you shake a Martini, the melting ice creates
essential water needed for the cocktail. Some guests like it to
be shaken until there are thin shards of ice on top and after
straining. The feel of a shaken Martini is light and airy on the
tongue because you’ve added air to the mix while shaking.
The initial look will be a little hazy. Martini connoisseurs call
this bruising the gin.
When you stir a Martini for half a minute,
it creates a heavy satiny and silky feel on the tongue. The look
is very translucent. This is the way Martinis were made before
James Bond was created.
Martini connoisseurs say that you shouldn’t
keep liquor in the freezer or start making a Martini with the
liquor being cold because you don’t get the same dilution
of water from the ice. Truly, it’s all how you like it.
Lots of people like just a small amount of water being added to
A Martini Mister is a small stainless
steel refillable spray canister that you fill with dry vermouth
to mist the top of your Martini.
There is much debate over how many olives
a Martini should get. Most of the experts agree with one dropped
to the bottom and will accept two speared olives through the sides
on a cocktail pick due to the pressure of movies, TV, artist renditions,
photos, cartoons, etc., because it’s hard to get away from
what’s been crammed down the masses' throats. Three or more
olives are unacceptable unless requested by the guest or you work
at a low-end bar that stocks the tiny olives.
Olive stuffers can be found in upscale
bars. The most popular ingredient to stuff in olives is bleu cheese.
The reason why gin and dry vermouth go well together
is because gin is infused with herbs and botanicals and dry vermouth
is a fortified wine meaning that herbs have been added.
You’ll find that Dirty Martini lovers
like different strengths of dirtiness, so I’ve learned to
ask, Would you like it R, X, or XXX rated?
that a Martini glass is a "type"
of cocktail glass.
4th published book, The Everything Cocktail Party &
Drinks Book, has a chapter titled,"Martinis
for the Adventurous". Here are the recipe names:
Itsy Bitsy Teenie Weenie Yellow Polka Dot Martini, Melontini,
Goin’ Coconutini, I Dream of Genie Martini, Peaches and
Creamtini, White Chocolatini, Blue Velvetini, Pink Cadillactini,
Good Karmatini, Green Eyed Blondtini, Black Martini, Lucky Charmartini,
Caramel Appletini, Southern Hospitality Martini, Honeymoon Suitetini,
God Bless Texastini, Death by Chocolatini, Almond Joytini, Upside
Down Pineapple Martini, and Tootsie Rolltini.